Geography & Climate
Sarp, Georgia border
Turkey is divided into 7 regions: The Black Sea, The Marmara, The Aegean, The
Mediterranean, The Central Anatolian, and The Eastern and Southeastern Regions.
Each region has different types of landscape, climate and fauna.
Climate by regions:
Black Sea Coast: Warm summers, mild winters and relatively high rainfall.
Central Anatolia: Harsh climate with hot, dry summers: cold winters
Eastern Anatolia: Long snowy, cold winters, with mild summers.
Southeast Anatolia: Hot summers with mild, rainy winters.
Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean coasts: These coasts have a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers, and mild winters
The European and Asian regions are separated by the Istanbul Boğazı (Bosphorus), the Sea of Marmara, and the Çanakkale Boğazı (Dardanelles). Anatolia is a high plateau rising progressively towards the east, broken up by the valleys of about 15 rivers, including the Dicle (Tigris) and the Fırat (Euphrates).
There are numerous lakes and some, such as Lake Van, are as large as inland seas. In the north, the mountains along the eastern Black Sea coast run parallel to the Sea: in the south, the Taurus Mountains sweep down almost to the narrow, fertile coastal plain.
Turkey enjoys a variety of climates, ranging from the temperate
climate of the Black Sea region, to the continental climate of the interior,
then, to the Mediterranean climate of the Aegean and Mediterranean coastal regions.
The coastline touching the four seas that border the country is 8333 km in length.
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Latest comments about this article
By imtiaz 23.9.2004
THis is a question actually. What kind of weather should I prepare for for early To mid November? Heavy or light rains usually? I´ll be in Istanbul and Central Anatolia for a bit. Thanks!
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Alexandre Vallaury - Architect Alexandre Vallaury was born into a Levantine family in İstanbul in 1850. Apart from the years he spent on architecture education in Paris, he lived in İstanbul for the rest of his life. more...
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