Please select your city:

Click here to register
Forgot Password?
Move to Turkey
Relocation Companies
Where To Stay
Hotels, Aparts, Suites
Learn Turkish
Instructors, Courses

Member interviews
What about yours?
Lisa from Kadıköy
Sarah from Sisli
Claudia from Fenerbahce
Nilgün from Suadiye
Aaron from Çekmeköy

From Members' Pen
Members' columns
Be a Correspondent
A Weekend Escape to Edirne
Siirt in Istanbul
Lemon Cheesecake
A Visit to Aya Yorgi and Heybeliada
Angelique´s Latest Trips
Advertisement Advertise here/Buraya reklam verin

Moving to Turkey
Law & Legal
Money affairs
Vehicles (Cars, boats, motocycles etc)
Communications, electronics, media
Children / Les enfants
Turkish Language
Tourism / Travel / Sightseeing
Educational Topics


Free newsletter

Your Name

Your Email

We will send regular newsletters to our members who have signed up for receiving it during the registration. In 'mymerhaba' newsletter, our editorial staff provides updates, with regard to any information related to places worth visiting, viewing, or otherwise worth knowing, for those who care to know more....


 Untitled Document Istanbul has been a very important city for centuries not only for the beauty of Bosphorus but also for its geographical and strategic location.

The first settlement was on the Anatolian side by Dorians of Megara (Greek city). Dorians have founded Khalkedon where Kadıköy rises today. On the 7th century BC another group under the command of legendary king Byzas advised to Delphi temple and asked where to establish their city. The answer of the seers has been "Across the Blinds' Country". Byzas evaluating this prophecy founded his city at a harbor on the European side of the Bosphorus just across Khalkedon (Blinds' Country) whereas the first comers couldn't "see" the beauties and suitable location of this place (maybe that is why their country is call Blinds' Country).

Having a real strategic location the city gained importance in a short time and occupied by Persians on the 6th century BC. II Philip of Macedonia, father of Alexander the Great tried to besiege the city, however according to a legend the moon slipping away from the clouds exhibited the soldiers and this big danger has been put off. The new moon has been the symbol of the city since then.

During Roman period the city took side of Parthians who rebelled against Emperor Severus. And the Emperor besieged the city in the 2nd century AD and broke resistance. Then removed the ruins and had theatres, baths built besides the hippodrome and named the city as Augusto Antonio in the name of his son Caracalla who would be the future emperor of Rome.

Constantine announced the city "Nova Rome" as the new capital of the Empire in the 4th century. To cerate a city competing with the old capital of the Empire was along-run project. The city has been widened by this purpose. And the city was surrounded by a columned road passing through Adrianeapolis (Edirne) and Selanik and connected via Egnativa. Manu forums were located along he road (economic and administrative centers of the city). Again city walls have surrounded the new capital, ports have been built, and drains have been completed. Valens aqueduct and cisterns of that period are the remaining proofs of water project. The city then mentioned by the name of Emperor who started this project¸ Constantinople. The golden age of the city during Roman period was the 6th century, when Justinianus was the Emperor. The Greek originated dynasty got hold of the sovereignty during this period and the official language has been Greek and the Emperors begin to be called "Basileos".

By the way Latins were strengthening in Rome and this put these two strong powers into an endless opposing. Crusaders took place in 11th century. Although the first three had religious reasons, the goal of the forth was directly to the Empire on the east and its wealth. The city ruined by Crusaders in 1204. The treasures have been either plundered or melted to be used in minting. The transfer of art works collected for centuries to the "West" has been a great motivation for western art. The best example of it was the horse carriage statues on San Marco square of Venice once adorning the Emperor box on the Hippodrome. In 1261, the Byzantines (they define themselves as Romans, this name has given to them by art historians much more later) got their city back. But the town has long lost most of its magnificence.

Sultan Mehmet II besieged the city in 1453. He transferred his fleet to Haliç (Golden Horn) with an incredible trick and with the assistance of Janissary army he conquered the city. The Sultan named "Fatih" (Conqueror) afterwards. A small note on the subject: The giant cannon project that played an important role in the conquest had first been submitted to Byzantine Emperor Constantine. However the Emperor rejected this proposal as "a dead investment". Then Magyar Urban proposed this project to Sultan Mehmet II who has accepted!

The name of the city converted to Istanbul (as an analysis the name comes from a Greek expression "eis ton polin" meaning "towards to city"). Fatih gave back the privileges of minorities, recognized religion freedom and called several artists and intellectuals, and laid foundations of Istanbul as a "City of World". Turks, Greeks and Armenians formed the population of the city. The Ottomans stamped the town with their own compositions and architecture. Magnificent palaces, külliye (complex of buildings adjacent to mosques), mosques, pavilions, kiosk are all scattered over the city.

During the sovereignty of Sultan Süleyman, The Magnificent Ottoman Empire had its Golden Age and the features of Istanbul began to change. The art works of famous architect Mimar Sinan adorned the city. Consequently Istanbul as a capital of Christian and Moslem Empires became a unique place with peculiar effects of those periods.

After the decadence of Ottoman Empire following the I. World War and establishment of Turkish Republic, Istanbul transferred its title as capital to Ankara. However continued to be the biggest and the richest city of the country and has its place among other world cities by hosting great organizations.

Major Cities
Geography & Climate
Political System
Work Hours & Holidays
Conversion Table

Would you like to add your comment about this article? Click here!

Editor's Picks

Şile On the Asian shoreline of Bosphorus, just 70 km away from the city center, Şile’s widespread sandy beaches. more...

Summer and Child Health Pediatrician Beril Bayrak Bulucu’s article is titled “Summer and Child Health”. more...

Home Sweet Home Wondering how to change a house into “Home sweet home”? Here are some clues to help you settle in a foreign town. more...

Burhan Doğançay Burhan Dogançay is primarily known for a body of work that grew out of his fascination with urban walls. more...

Piyaz – Haricoat bean salad Zeyda would like to share with you her Haricot Bean Salad recipe. more...

What Gift to Take When… In summer number of wedding, engagement and circumcision ceremonies increase. What gift to take when... more...

Latest Articles
ODTÜ Sanat 19
Izmir European Jazz Festival
Istanbul Music Festival
Bilkent Music Days
CRR Jazz Feb.
Opus Amadeus Chamber Music Festival
!f Istanbul Film Festival
Şefika Kutluer Festival
Sustainable Living Film Festival
Istanbul Theater Festival


Major Cities

Major Cities
Geography & Climate
Political System
Work Hours & Holidays
Conversion Table

Rhythm of Town

Events calendar
Valentine's Day
Istanbul Live
This Weekend in Istanbul
Ankara Live
This Weekend in Ankara
Social Clubs in Ankara
Restaurants and Cafes in Istanbul
Restaurants and Cafes in Ankara
Sightseeing in Istanbul
Sightseeing in Ankara
Various Discoveries
Best of...
Art and Culture in Istanbul
Art & Culture in Ankara
For Kids - Istanbul
For Kids - Ankara
Hobbies Istanbul
Hobbies Ankara
Biletix System
Films on cnbc-e


Sustainable Living Film Festival
!f Istanbul Film Festival
Turkish Ruins
Mount Ararat Trek
Seeing the Truth
Izmir European Jazz Festival
Filmmor 2017
XJAZZ Festival 2017
International Izmir Festival
The Flying Broom Festival
Gümüşlük Festival
Bodrum Music Festival
Bodrum Jazz Festival
Filmekimi 2017
In Other Cities
Baksı Museum
It´s Time to Take Pictures!!
Photo of the Month
Inside Out in Istanbul
Sand Sculpture Festival
Mandatory Health Insurance for Expats
Impossible Fairies - Out Now
Istanbul Contemporary Cuisine
Changes on Work Permit
New Year
Turkey's TOP 10s
Anzac Day
İzmir Wild Life Park
Antalya State Opera and Ballet - March
Izmir State Opera and Ballet - March
Registration of Canadians Abroad
News From The Expat Harem
Latest Amendments in Land Registry Law

Events Calendar

<< Mar 2018 >>

Shopping in Istanbul
Shopping in Ankara
Product showcase
Shopping corner




Add "mymerhaba" to my favorites | make "mymerhaba" my homepage
About "mymerhaba"
| Thanks to | Contact Us | Links | FAQ
copyright "mymerhaba" All Rights Reserved. Privacy Policy | Terms of Service
This site is best viewed with Internet Explorer 5 or greater with minimum 800*600 resolution

powered by IDserv
Website Security Test