Home
Welcome

Please select your city:


Username
Password
Remember
Click here to register
Forgot Password?
     
Move to Turkey
Relocation Companies
Where To Stay
Hotels, Aparts, Suites
Learn Turkish
Instructors, Courses

Member interviews
What about yours?
Lisa from Kadıköy
Sarah from Sisli
Claudia from Fenerbahce
Nilgün from Suadiye
Aaron from Çekmeköy

From Members' Pen
Members' columns
Be a Correspondent
A Weekend Escape to Edirne
Siirt in Istanbul
Lemon Cheesecake
A Visit to Aya Yorgi and Heybeliada
Angelique´s Latest Trips
Advertisement Advertise here/Buraya reklam verin

Forums
Moving to Turkey
Relocation
Law & Legal
Health
Money affairs
Vehicles (Cars, boats, motocycles etc)
Communications, electronics, media
Children / Les enfants
Pets
Turkish Language
Tourism / Travel / Sightseeing
Educational Topics


e-coupons

Free newsletter

Your Name

Your Email

We will send regular newsletters to our members who have signed up for receiving it during the registration. In 'mymerhaba' newsletter, our editorial staff provides updates, with regard to any information related to places worth visiting, viewing, or otherwise worth knowing, for those who care to know more....

Atatürk

 When you are traveling in Turkey you are going to meet the photos of a blond, handsome, charismatic man in various sizes and exposures at stores, offices, even at small village coffee houses. He is Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey. There is no sanction on people to have his photos. Turks hang his photos on their walls because they wish to do so.

Mustafa Kemal, was born in Salonica in 1881. After graduating the military school he joined the Ottoman Army in 1905. He has been a military hero at Dardanelle and Gallipolis war during the World War I and later became the leader of the Turkish national Independence War.

When the Ottoman Empire was considered to be defeated following the First World War Anatolia was shared among the occupying powers. That is France – southern Anatolia, Italy – South Anatolia, Greece –Aegean region and Great Britain – The Marmara region. The Entente Powers officially occupied İstanbul and disbanded the Parliament on March 16, 1919 and Mustafa Kemal declared that the sovereignty and life of the Ottoman Empire, which had lasted for six centuries, was ended. Then he immediately started to organize national resistance and got in touch with all the army units and resistance organizations in Anatolia and deciding to use Anatolia as headquarters he settled down in Ankara.

The Turkish resistance movements were transformed into a complete war of independence when Mustafa Kemal landed at Samsun on May 19, 1919 and lasted for three years until, The Great Victory on August 30, 1922.

The Grand National Assembly was inaugurated in Ankara on April 23, 1920. The Assembly undertook the duties of saving and administrating the country and obtaining complete independence for the country. Mustafa Kemal was elected as the President.

On July 24, 1923 Lausanne Peace Treaty signed by the representatives of the New Turkish Government on one side and by Britain, France, Italy, Japan. Greece, Romania and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) on the other. The treaty recognized the creation of a Turkish State with the same borders as those of the National Pact of 1920 and guaranteed her complete independence. Thus, it marked the successful culmination of the National War of Independence.

The Republic was announced on October 29, 1923 and Mustafa Kemal was elected the first President of the Republic of Turkey.

After the establishment of the Republic sweeping cultural and socio-political reforms took place. First the Caliphate abolished. Traditional schools closed and Constitution adopted in 1924 as the replacement of the 1876 constitution that had continued to serve as the legal framework for the republican government. Reforms on clothing shows as abolishing of fes (a cherry colored, tasseled oriental cap) on men and veiling of women by leaving their places to western clothing. Gregorian calendar was adopted. In 1926 new civil, commercial and penal laws are adopted from Swiss and Italian Laws respectively. And with these civil codes women, who had been neglected for centuries, now have the same rights as man. They could be appointed to official posts, would have the right to vote (even before Swiss women) to be elected to the Parliament and of course the monogamy principle. Weekend act, time and calendar system and the change on weight and measure (kilo and meter) are all among those reforms.

New Turkish alphabet, a modified Latin form, adopted and with this came the movement to develop the education of the nation. Primary education was declared compulsory and great importance was given to the education of women. Then the State declared Secularism in 1928.

The Surname Law was adopted on June 21, 1934 and Mustafa Kemal was given the surname of Atatürk (Father of the Turks) by the Grand National Assembly. A very appropriate surname who created the Republic of Turkey from the ashes of the Ottoman Empire, which lost its power, soil and population after the Balkan War and World War I.

Everybody in Turkey has the freedom to choose his surname. However the only exception is Atatürk. The National Assembly legislated in 1934 that the surname Atatürk only belongs to Mustafa Kemal and it is forbidden to be used by other parties. Even Atatürk's sister and his adopted children don't have the right to use this surname.

Atatürk was not only a military genius but also a charismatic leader and a comprehensive reformer all through his life. It was very important for him to carry the Republic to the level of modern civilizations and to be an active member of the culturally developed communities. Mustafa Kemal also initiated a program for economic development in Turkey, which consisted of agricultural expansion, industrial and technological advances. He completely reformed the country during his 15-year presidency, until his death at Dolmabahce Palace in November 10, 1938. He was temporarily buried in Ethnographic Museum in Ankara. Then a mausoleum called Anıtkabir was built in Ankara and his body transferred there on November 10, 1953.

Atatürk was divorced and had no children. However Ms. Afet İnan and Ms. Sabiha Gökcen who are among the adopted children of Atatürk were a Turkish History Professor and the first woman combat pilot of Turkey respectively.

His achievements are a heritage to the modern state of Turkey.





Anıtkabir
A Visit to Anıtkabir
Atatürk
Alexandre Vallaury - Architect
Ara Guler - Photographer
Balyan Family - Architect
Burhan Doğançay - Painter
Evliya Çelebi - Traveler
Fazıl Say - Pianist/Composer
Fikret Mualla - Painter
Güher & Süher Pekinel-Pianist
Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi - Scientist
Karagöz and Hacivat
Mercan Dede - Composer
Mevlana
Mimar Sinan - Architect
Nazım Hikmet - Poet
Orhan Pamuk - Writer
Osman Hamdi Bey - Museologist
Sabiha Gökçen - Combat pilot
Sakıp Sabancı - Businessman
Sezen Aksu - Musician
Vehbi Koç - Businessman
Yasar Kemal - Writer
Turkish Coffee
Kirkpinar Oil-Wrestling
Traditions & Habits
Religious Colors
Islam in Turkey
Istanbul's Holy Places
Ankara's Holy Places
Famous Personalities
Legendary bazaars
Turkish Cuisine
Special Tastes
Hubble-bubble (Nargile)
Rakı and Meyhane
Hamam - Turkish Bath
Luck Games
A Little Turkish Fun

Would you like to add your comment about this article? Click here!

External Links:

Editor's Picks

Şile On the Asian shoreline of Bosphorus, just 70 km away from the city center, Şile’s widespread sandy beaches. more...

Summer and Child Health Pediatrician Beril Bayrak Bulucu’s article is titled “Summer and Child Health”. more...

Home Sweet Home Wondering how to change a house into “Home sweet home”? Here are some clues to help you settle in a foreign town. more...

Burhan Doğançay Burhan Dogançay is primarily known for a body of work that grew out of his fascination with urban walls. more...

Piyaz – Haricoat bean salad Zeyda would like to share with you her Haricot Bean Salad recipe. more...

What Gift to Take When… In summer number of wedding, engagement and circumcision ceremonies increase. What gift to take when... more...


Latest Articles
Şefika Kutluer Festival
Sustainable Living Film Festival
Istanbul Theater Festival
Akbank Jazz Festival
The Curious Case of Çatalhöyük
Filmekimi 2017
Istanbul Biennial
Bodrum Jazz Festival
Bodrum Music Festival
Gümüşlük Festival






 

Atatürk
Anıtkabir
A Visit to Anıtkabir

Famous Personalities
Atatürk
Alexandre Vallaury - Architect
Ara Guler - Photographer
Balyan Family - Architect
Burhan Doğançay - Painter
Evliya Çelebi - Traveler
Fazıl Say - Pianist/Composer
Fikret Mualla - Painter
Güher & Süher Pekinel-Pianist
Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi - Scientist
Karagöz and Hacivat
Mercan Dede - Composer
Mevlana
Mimar Sinan - Architect
Nazım Hikmet - Poet
Orhan Pamuk - Writer
Osman Hamdi Bey - Museologist
Sabiha Gökçen - Combat pilot
Sakıp Sabancı - Businessman
Sezen Aksu - Musician
Vehbi Koç - Businessman
Yasar Kemal - Writer

Alla Turca
Turkish Coffee
Kirkpinar Oil-Wrestling
Traditions & Habits
Religious Colors
Islam in Turkey
Istanbul's Holy Places
Ankara's Holy Places
Famous Personalities
Legendary bazaars
Turkish Cuisine
Special Tastes
Hubble-bubble (Nargile)
Rakı and Meyhane
Hamam - Turkish Bath
Luck Games
A Little Turkish Fun




Rhythm of Town

Events calendar
Valentine's Day
Istanbul Live
This Weekend in Istanbul
Ankara Live
This Weekend in Ankara
Social Clubs in Ankara
Restaurants and Cafes in Istanbul
Restaurants and Cafes in Ankara
Sightseeing in Istanbul
Sightseeing in Ankara
Various Discoveries
Best of...
Art and Culture in Istanbul
Art & Culture in Ankara
For Kids - Istanbul
For Kids - Ankara
Hobbies Istanbul
Hobbies Ankara
Sports
Biletix System
Films on cnbc-e


Turkeywide

Sustainable Living Film Festival
Turkish Ruins
Mount Ararat Trek
Seeing the Truth
Filmmor 2017
XJAZZ Festival 2017
International Izmir Festival
The Flying Broom Festival
Gümüşlük Festival
Bodrum Music Festival
Bodrum Jazz Festival
Filmekimi 2017
In Other Cities
Baksı Museum
It´s Time to Take Pictures!!
Photo of the Month
Inside Out in Istanbul
Sand Sculpture Festival
Mandatory Health Insurance for Expats
Impossible Fairies - Out Now
Istanbul Contemporary Cuisine
Changes on Work Permit
New Year
Turkey's TOP 10s
Summer-house
Anzac Day
İzmir Wild Life Park
Antalya State Opera and Ballet - March
Izmir State Opera and Ballet - March
Registration of Canadians Abroad
News From The Expat Harem
Latest Amendments in Land Registry Law


Events Calendar

<< Dec 2017 >>
Su
Mo
Tu
We
Th
Fr
Sa
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

Shopping
Shopping in Istanbul
Shopping in Ankara
Product showcase
Shopping corner

Weather

Istanbul

Ankara



Advertising/Reklam
Add "mymerhaba" to my favorites | make "mymerhaba" my homepage
About "mymerhaba"
| Thanks to | Contact Us | Links | FAQ
copyright "mymerhaba" All Rights Reserved. Privacy Policy | Terms of Service
This site is best viewed with Internet Explorer 5 or greater with minimum 800*600 resolution

powered by IDserv
Website Security Test